A. C. Lehman, D. F. Siriani, and K. D. Choquette, "Two-Dimensional Electronic Beam-Steering with Implant-Defined VCSEL Arrays,"
in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies,
OSA Technical Digest Series (CD)
(Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuX2.
By controlling injection current to each of three elements in a coherently coupled implant-defined triangular vertical cavity laser array, we are able to steer the main lobe of emission in two dimensions.