Recent experimental results show that the interaction of atomic clusters with intense, femtosecond laser pulses is extremely energetic. Ion energies of up to 1 MeV1,2 and electron energies3 of up to 2.5 keV have been measured from clusters ranging in size from a few hundred to several million rare gas atoms using laser pulses with intensities in the region of 1016-1017 W cm−2.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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