Abstract

In this paper, we design a wavelength-division-multiplexed radio-over-fiber passive optical network (WDM-RoF-PON) based on polarization multiplexing (PM) and carrier-suppressed return-to-zero quadrature differential-phase-shift keying (CSRZ-QDPSK) that can achieve wire-line and wireless access synchronously. Using PM and QDPSK modulation, the system improves bandwidth utilization. The key new feature of the approach is source-free optical network units (ONUs) including wireless access and upstream communication. By use of a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier and the reuse of the downstream light source, the ONU can omit the laser source and makes the WDM-PON colorless. This networking has the credible transmission property, including wireless access and fiber transmission. It also has a large coverage area.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Cvijetic, S. G. Wilson, and D. Qian, “System outage probability due to PMD in high-speed optical OFDM transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, no. 14, pp. 2118–2127, July2008.
    [CrossRef]
  7. Z. Cao, J. Yu, H. Zhou, W. Wang, M. Xia, J. Wang, Q. Tang, and L. Chen, “WDM-RoF-PON architecture for flexible wireless and wire-line layout,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 117–121, Feb.2010.
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  11. M. Daikoku, I. Morita, H. Taga, H. Tanaka, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, T. Miyazaki, and T. Fujita, “100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission without OTDM for 100G Ethernet transport,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 139–145, 2007.
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 18, pp. 1533–1535, 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal,” Electron. Lett., vol. 46, no. 22, pp. 1510–1512, 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Kim, “Transmission of 10-Gb/s directly modulated RSOA signals in single-fiber loopback WDM PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, no. 14, pp. 965–967, July2011.
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Malouin, J. Bennike, and T. Schmidt, “DPSK receiver design-optical filtering considerations,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., March 1–3, 2007.

2011 (2)

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W.-J. Jiang, Y.-H. Chen, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Hybrid access network integrated with wireless multilevel vector and wired baseband signals using frequency doubling and no optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 857–859, July2009.
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

N. Cvijetic, S. G. Wilson, and D. Qian, “System outage probability due to PMD in high-speed optical OFDM transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, no. 14, pp. 2118–2127, July2008.
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 18, pp. 1533–1535, 2008.
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

R. Bavey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 50–56, Oct.2006.

Agata, A.

Al Amin, A.

H. Takahashi, A. Al Amin, S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “DWDM transmission with 7.0-bits/s/Hz spectral efficiency using 8 × 65.1 Gb/s coherent PDM-OFDM signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2009, PDPB7.

Bavey, R.

R. Bavey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 50–56, Oct.2006.

Bennike, J.

C. Malouin, J. Bennike, and T. Schmidt, “DPSK receiver design-optical filtering considerations,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., March 1–3, 2007.

Bourgart, F.

R. Bavey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 50–56, Oct.2006.

Buchali, F.

Cao, Z.

Chang, J. H.

Chen, J.

P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W.-J. Jiang, Y.-H. Chen, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Hybrid access network integrated with wireless multilevel vector and wired baseband signals using frequency doubling and no optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 857–859, July2009.
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

Chen, W.

Chen, Y.-H.

P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W.-J. Jiang, Y.-H. Chen, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Hybrid access network integrated with wireless multilevel vector and wired baseband signals using frequency doubling and no optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 857–859, July2009.
[CrossRef]

Cheng, N.

Chi, S.

P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W.-J. Jiang, Y.-H. Chen, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Hybrid access network integrated with wireless multilevel vector and wired baseband signals using frequency doubling and no optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 857–859, July2009.
[CrossRef]

Cho, K. Y.

K. Y. Cho, K. Tanaka, T. Sano, S. P. Jung, J. H. Chang, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, Y. Horiuchi, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “Long-reach coherent WDM PON employing self-polarization-stabilization technique,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 456–462, 2011.
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal,” Electron. Lett., vol. 46, no. 22, pp. 1510–1512, 2010.
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 18, pp. 1533–1535, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

K. Y. Cho, K. Tanaka, T. Sano, S. P. Jung, J. H. Chang, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, Y. Horiuchi, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “Long-reach coherent WDM PON employing self-polarization-stabilization technique,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 456–462, 2011.
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal,” Electron. Lett., vol. 46, no. 22, pp. 1510–1512, 2010.
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 18, pp. 1533–1535, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Chung, “Recent advancement in WDM PON technology,” in 37th European Conf. on Optical Communications, 2011, Th.11.C.4.

Cvijetic, N.

Daikoku, M.

Evans, J. S.

Fujita, T.

Gutierrez, D.

Horiuchi, Y.

Hu, J.

Jansen, S. L.

H. Takahashi, A. Al Amin, S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “DWDM transmission with 7.0-bits/s/Hz spectral efficiency using 8 × 65.1 Gb/s coherent PDM-OFDM signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2009, PDPB7.

Jiang, W.-J.

P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W.-J. Jiang, Y.-H. Chen, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Hybrid access network integrated with wireless multilevel vector and wired baseband signals using frequency doubling and no optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 857–859, July2009.
[CrossRef]

Jung, S. P.

Kani, J.

R. Bavey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 50–56, Oct.2006.

Kawanishi, T.

Kazovsky, L. G.

Kim, H.

H. Kim, “Transmission of 10-Gb/s directly modulated RSOA signals in single-fiber loopback WDM PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, no. 14, pp. 965–967, July2011.
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.-T.

P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W.-J. Jiang, Y.-H. Chen, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Hybrid access network integrated with wireless multilevel vector and wired baseband signals using frequency doubling and no optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 857–859, July2009.
[CrossRef]

Lin, R.

R. Lin, “Next generation PON in emerging networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Feb. 24–28, 2008, pp. 1–3.

Malouin, C.

C. Malouin, J. Bennike, and T. Schmidt, “DPSK receiver design-optical filtering considerations,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., March 1–3, 2007.

McCammon, K.

R. Bavey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 50–56, Oct.2006.

Miyazaki, T.

Morita, I.

M. Daikoku, I. Morita, H. Taga, H. Tanaka, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, T. Miyazaki, and T. Fujita, “100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission without OTDM for 100G Ethernet transport,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 139–145, 2007.
[CrossRef]

H. Takahashi, A. Al Amin, S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “DWDM transmission with 7.0-bits/s/Hz spectral efficiency using 8 × 65.1 Gb/s coherent PDM-OFDM signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2009, PDPB7.

Qian, D.

Sakamoto, T.

Sano, T.

Schmidt, T.

C. Malouin, J. Bennike, and T. Schmidt, “DPSK receiver design-optical filtering considerations,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., March 1–3, 2007.

Shaw, W.-T.

Shieh, W.

Shih, P.-T.

P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W.-J. Jiang, Y.-H. Chen, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Hybrid access network integrated with wireless multilevel vector and wired baseband signals using frequency doubling and no optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 857–859, July2009.
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

Taga, H.

Takahashi, H.

H. Takahashi, A. Al Amin, S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “DWDM transmission with 7.0-bits/s/Hz spectral efficiency using 8 × 65.1 Gb/s coherent PDM-OFDM signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2009, PDPB7.

Takushima, Y.

K. Y. Cho, K. Tanaka, T. Sano, S. P. Jung, J. H. Chang, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, Y. Horiuchi, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “Long-reach coherent WDM PON employing self-polarization-stabilization technique,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 456–462, 2011.
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal,” Electron. Lett., vol. 46, no. 22, pp. 1510–1512, 2010.
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 18, pp. 1533–1535, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, H.

M. Daikoku, I. Morita, H. Taga, H. Tanaka, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, T. Miyazaki, and T. Fujita, “100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission without OTDM for 100G Ethernet transport,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 139–145, 2007.
[CrossRef]

H. Takahashi, A. Al Amin, S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “DWDM transmission with 7.0-bits/s/Hz spectral efficiency using 8 × 65.1 Gb/s coherent PDM-OFDM signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2009, PDPB7.

Tanaka, K.

Tang, Q.

Tucker, R. S.

Wang, J.

Wang, T.

Wang, W.

Wilson, S. G.

Wong, S.-W.

Xia, M.

Yi, X.

Yu, J.

Zhou, H.

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal,” Electron. Lett., vol. 46, no. 22, pp. 1510–1512, 2010.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

R. Bavey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 50–56, Oct.2006.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W.-J. Jiang, Y.-H. Chen, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Hybrid access network integrated with wireless multilevel vector and wired baseband signals using frequency doubling and no optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 857–859, July2009.
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, “Transmission of 10-Gb/s directly modulated RSOA signals in single-fiber loopback WDM PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, no. 14, pp. 965–967, July2011.
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 18, pp. 1533–1535, 2008.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (4)

C. Malouin, J. Bennike, and T. Schmidt, “DPSK receiver design-optical filtering considerations,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., March 1–3, 2007.

H. Takahashi, A. Al Amin, S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “DWDM transmission with 7.0-bits/s/Hz spectral efficiency using 8 × 65.1 Gb/s coherent PDM-OFDM signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2009, PDPB7.

Y. C. Chung, “Recent advancement in WDM PON technology,” in 37th European Conf. on Optical Communications, 2011, Th.11.C.4.

R. Lin, “Next generation PON in emerging networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Feb. 24–28, 2008, pp. 1–3.

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) The structure of the WDM-RoF-PON.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) The transmitter of the OLT.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) The downstream processing in the ONU.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The structure of the coherent receiver.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) (a) The procedure of the pre-QDPSK. (b) The constellation of the pre-QDPSK.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) (a) The constellation of the coherent receiver. (b) The eye diagram of the coherent receiver.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) The frequency and (b) the time domain of the wireless carrier signal.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

The spectrum of the optical signal: (a) laser through the PBS, (b) I signal modulated, (c) Q signal modulated, (d) sine wave modulated, (e) output of coherent receiving, (f) filtered downstream optical signal.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) The modulated wireless signal. (b) The eye graph of the received wireless signal.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(a) The modulated upstream signal. (b) The eye diagram of the received upstream signal.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(a) Transmission property of the system. (b) The line width of the laser impact on the system property.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

The shift of (a) the frequency and (b) the phase impact on the system property.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I i = ( Q i 1 I i 1 ) ( U i I i 1 ) ¯ + ( Q i 1 I i 1 ) ( V i I i 1 ) ¯ Q i = ( Q i 1 I i 1 ) ( V i I i 1 ) ¯ + ( Q i 1 I i 1 ) ( U i I i 1 ) ¯ .
E I = E in exp ( j π I k ) ; E Q = E in exp ( j π I k ) exp ( j π / 2 Q k ) .
exp [ j ϕ ( t ) ] = exp ( j π I k + j π / 2 Q k ) .
E out ( t ) = E in ( t ) { exp j [ ( ω c ω s ) t + ϕ ( t ) ] + exp j [ ( ω c + ω s ) t + ϕ ( t ) ] } + E in / / ( t ) { exp j [ ( ω c ω s ) t + ϕ ( t ) ] + exp j [ ( ω c + ω s ) t + ϕ ( t ) ] } ,
i u = | E 1 u | 2 | E 2 u | 2 = 2 / 2 A 2 [ cos ( ϕ n + 1 ϕ n ) sin ( ϕ n + 1 ϕ n ) ] , i v = | E 1 v | 2 | E 2 v | 2 = 2 / 2 A 2 [ cos ( ϕ n + 1 ϕ n ) + sin ( ϕ n + 1 ϕ n ) ] .
I out ( t ) = A 2 | E in ( t ) | 2 cos ( 2 ω s t ) .
Q = 20 log [ 2 erfc 1 ( 2 BER ) ] ,