Abstract

Optical transport networks are at the turning point from providing semi-permanent connections to being engineered to efficiently support dynamic optical connection services. Vital to this transition is the availability of node architectures that improve the flexibility of add/drop port utilization, thereby enabling the transponder connected to a port to be reused to realize connections with different wavelength channels or using different input/output fiber links (directions). This paper assesses the network-wide blocking performance provided by node architectures with different degrees of freedom for port reuse. The performance assessment not only clearly highlights the relevance of maximizing the chances of transponder sharing in transport networks, but also shows that the network topology determines which of the degrees of freedom for port reuse is more relevant.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Patel, P. Ji, J. Jue, and T. Wang, “Defragmentation of transparent flexible optical WDM (FWDM) networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OTuI8.
  15. Compendium of survivable transport network topologies. [Online]. Available: http://www.av.it.pt/anp/on/refnet2.html.

2011

2010

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, July2010.
[CrossRef]

M. Carroll, J. Roese, and T. Ohara, “The operator’s view of OTN evolution,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 9, pp. 46–52, Sept.2010.
[CrossRef]

T. Strasser and J. Wagener, “Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1150–1157, Sept./Oct.2010.
[CrossRef]

F. Solano and M. Pióro, “Lightpath reconfiguration in WDM networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 2, no. 12, pp. 1010–1021, Dec.2010.
[CrossRef]

2008

N. Ghani, Q. Liu, A. Gumaste, D. Benhaddou, N. Rao, and T. Lehman, “Control plane design in multidomain/multilayer optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 78–87, June2008.
[CrossRef]

R. Huelsermann, M. Gunkel, C. Meusburger, and D. Schupke, “Cost modeling and evaluation of capital expenditures in optical multilayer networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 814–833, Sept.2008.
[CrossRef]

Basch, B.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, July2010.
[CrossRef]

Benhaddou, D.

N. Ghani, Q. Liu, A. Gumaste, D. Benhaddou, N. Rao, and T. Lehman, “Control plane design in multidomain/multilayer optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 78–87, June2008.
[CrossRef]

Bihon, D.

Carroll, M.

M. Carroll, J. Roese, and T. Ohara, “The operator’s view of OTN evolution,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 9, pp. 46–52, Sept.2010.
[CrossRef]

Chiu, A.

Choudhury, G.

Egorov, R.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, July2010.
[CrossRef]

Eira, A.

A. Eira, J. Pedro, and J. Pires, “Optimized design of shared restoration in flexible-grid transparent optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, JTh2A.37.

Feuer, M.

Ghani, N.

N. Ghani, Q. Liu, A. Gumaste, D. Benhaddou, N. Rao, and T. Lehman, “Control plane design in multidomain/multilayer optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 78–87, June2008.
[CrossRef]

Gringeri, S.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, July2010.
[CrossRef]

Gumaste, A.

N. Ghani, Q. Liu, A. Gumaste, D. Benhaddou, N. Rao, and T. Lehman, “Control plane design in multidomain/multilayer optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 78–87, June2008.
[CrossRef]

Gunkel, M.

Huelsermann, R.

Ji, P.

A. Patel, P. Ji, J. Jue, and T. Wang, “Defragmentation of transparent flexible optical WDM (FWDM) networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OTuI8.

Jue, J.

A. Patel, P. Ji, J. Jue, and T. Wang, “Defragmentation of transparent flexible optical WDM (FWDM) networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OTuI8.

Kim, I.

Lehman, T.

N. Ghani, Q. Liu, A. Gumaste, D. Benhaddou, N. Rao, and T. Lehman, “Control plane design in multidomain/multilayer optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 78–87, June2008.
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

G. Shen, Y. Li, and L. Peng, “How much can colorless, directionless and contentionless (CDC) of ROADM help dynamic lightpath provisioning?” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, NW3F.1.

Liu, Q.

N. Ghani, Q. Liu, A. Gumaste, D. Benhaddou, N. Rao, and T. Lehman, “Control plane design in multidomain/multilayer optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 78–87, June2008.
[CrossRef]

Meusburger, C.

Mukherjee, B.

B. Mukherjee, Optical WDM Networks. Springer-Verlag, Secaucus, NJ, 2006.

Ohara, T.

M. Carroll, J. Roese, and T. Ohara, “The operator’s view of OTN evolution,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 9, pp. 46–52, Sept.2010.
[CrossRef]

Palacharla, P.

Patel, A.

A. Patel, P. Ji, J. Jue, and T. Wang, “Defragmentation of transparent flexible optical WDM (FWDM) networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OTuI8.

Pato, S.

J. Pedro and S. Pato, “Quantifying the impact of DWDM nodes with flexible add/drop port utilization for dynamic connection setup,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, NM3F.2.

Pedro, J.

J. Pedro and S. Pato, “Quantifying the impact of DWDM nodes with flexible add/drop port utilization for dynamic connection setup,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, NM3F.2.

A. Eira, J. Pedro, and J. Pires, “Optimized design of shared restoration in flexible-grid transparent optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, JTh2A.37.

Peng, L.

G. Shen, Y. Li, and L. Peng, “How much can colorless, directionless and contentionless (CDC) of ROADM help dynamic lightpath provisioning?” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, NW3F.1.

Pióro, M.

Pires, J.

A. Eira, J. Pedro, and J. Pires, “Optimized design of shared restoration in flexible-grid transparent optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, JTh2A.37.

Ramaswami, R.

R. Ramaswami and K. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective. Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco, CA, 2002.

Rao, N.

N. Ghani, Q. Liu, A. Gumaste, D. Benhaddou, N. Rao, and T. Lehman, “Control plane design in multidomain/multilayer optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 78–87, June2008.
[CrossRef]

Roese, J.

M. Carroll, J. Roese, and T. Ohara, “The operator’s view of OTN evolution,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 9, pp. 46–52, Sept.2010.
[CrossRef]

Schupke, D.

Shen, G.

G. Shen, Y. Li, and L. Peng, “How much can colorless, directionless and contentionless (CDC) of ROADM help dynamic lightpath provisioning?” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, NW3F.1.

Shukla, V.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, July2010.
[CrossRef]

Sivarajan, K.

R. Ramaswami and K. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective. Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco, CA, 2002.

Solano, F.

Strand, J.

Strasser, T.

T. Strasser and J. Wagener, “Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1150–1157, Sept./Oct.2010.
[CrossRef]

Wagener, J.

T. Strasser and J. Wagener, “Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1150–1157, Sept./Oct.2010.
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

A. Patel, P. Ji, J. Jue, and T. Wang, “Defragmentation of transparent flexible optical WDM (FWDM) networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OTuI8.

Wang, X.

Woodward, S.

Xia, T.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, July2010.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag.

M. Carroll, J. Roese, and T. Ohara, “The operator’s view of OTN evolution,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 9, pp. 46–52, Sept.2010.
[CrossRef]

N. Ghani, Q. Liu, A. Gumaste, D. Benhaddou, N. Rao, and T. Lehman, “Control plane design in multidomain/multilayer optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 78–87, June2008.
[CrossRef]

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, July2010.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

T. Strasser and J. Wagener, “Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1150–1157, Sept./Oct.2010.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Commun. Netw.

J. Opt. Netw.

Other

A. Patel, P. Ji, J. Jue, and T. Wang, “Defragmentation of transparent flexible optical WDM (FWDM) networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OTuI8.

Compendium of survivable transport network topologies. [Online]. Available: http://www.av.it.pt/anp/on/refnet2.html.

A. Eira, J. Pedro, and J. Pires, “Optimized design of shared restoration in flexible-grid transparent optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, JTh2A.37.

J. Pedro and S. Pato, “Quantifying the impact of DWDM nodes with flexible add/drop port utilization for dynamic connection setup,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, NM3F.2.

G. Shen, Y. Li, and L. Peng, “How much can colorless, directionless and contentionless (CDC) of ROADM help dynamic lightpath provisioning?” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, NW3F.1.

R. Ramaswami and K. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective. Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco, CA, 2002.

B. Mukherjee, Optical WDM Networks. Springer-Verlag, Secaucus, NJ, 2006.

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Functional representation of a 3-degree optical node with colored and directional (i.e., fixed) architecture.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Functional representation of a 3-degree optical node with colored and directionless architecture.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Functional representation of a 3-degree optical node with colorless and directional architecture.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Functional representation of a 3-degree optical node with colorless and directionless architecture.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Example of conventional CD architecture.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) Example of CD architecture with contentionless design.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) Reference mesh network topologies: (a) GBN, (b) IBN.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(Color online) Network performance as a function of the add/drop ratio for the Ring12 topology with 80 wavelength channels per link.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(Color online) Network performance as a function of the add/drop ratio for the GBN topology with 80 wavelength channels per link.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(Color online) Network performance as a function of the add/drop ratio for the IBN topology with 80 wavelength channels per link.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(Color online) Network performance as a function of the add/drop ratio for the GBN with Γ = 0 . 30 and for the F and D architectures.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

(Color online) Network performance as a function of the add/drop ratio for the GBN with Γ = 0 . 30 and for the C and CDC architectures.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

(Color online) Network performance as a function of the add/drop ratio for the IBN topology for a transparent reach of 2000 km.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

(Color online) Network performance as a function of the add/drop ratio for the IBN topology with Γ = 0 . 35 and using different routing path selection strategies.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table I Network Topology Characterization

Tables Icon

Table II Required Ratio of Usable Add/Drop Ports