Abstract

High power fiber lasers have become well established in many commercial realms. However, the amplification of ultrafast pulses to higher pulse energies in ytterbium-doped fibers remains very challenging due to nonlinear effects. We have demonstrated a new class of optical fibers based on resonantly enhanced leakage channels to extend the effective mode area of conventional single mode fibers by over two orders of magnitudes. This new class of fibers paves the way for a new breed of diffraction-limited kW-level ultrafast lasers, which can usher in a new age of high peak and average power ultrafast laser science as well as many new industrial applications in material processing.

© 2009 IEEE

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  2. L. Dong, X. Peng, J. Li, "Leakage channel optical fibers with large effective area," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 24, 1689-1697 (2007).
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  5. D. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, "Single-mode operation of a coiled multimode fiber amplifier," Opt. Lett 25, 442-444 (2000).
  6. J. P. Koplow, D. A. V. Kliner, L. Goldberg, "Single-mode operation of a coiled multimode fiber amplifier," Opt. Lett 25, 442-444 (2000).
  7. C. D. Brooks, F. D. Teodoro, "Multi-megawatt peak-power, single-transverse-mode operation of a 100 $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ core diameter, Yb-doped rod-like photonic crystal fiber amplifier," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 111119-111121 (2006).
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  16. T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. M. d. Sterke, L. C. Botten, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers. I. Formulation," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 19, 2322-2330 (2002).
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  19. Y. Tsuchida, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Design of single-mode holey fibers with large-mode-area and low bending losses: The significance of the ring-core region," Opt. Exp. 15, 1794-1803 (2007).
  20. L. Dong, T. Wu, H. A. McKay, L. Fu, J. Li, H. Winful, "All glass large core leakage channel fibers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. .

2007

L. Dong, X. Peng, J. Li, "Leakage channel optical fibers with large effective area," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 24, 1689-1697 (2007).

I. Hartl, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, T. R. Schibli, D. C. Yost, D. D. Hudson, J. Ye, "'Cavity enhanced Yb-similariton fiber laser frequency comb: 3$\,\ast{10}^{14}~{\rm W/cm}^{2}$ peak intensity at 136 MHz'," Opt. Lett. 32, 2870-2870 (2007).

Y. Tsuchida, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Design of single-mode holey fibers with large-mode-area and low bending losses: The significance of the ring-core region," Opt. Exp. 15, 1794-1803 (2007).

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, A. Tünermann, "Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system," Opt. Lett. 32, 3495-3497 (2007).

2006

R. L. Farrow, D. A. V. Kliner, G. R. Hadley, A. V. Smith, "Peak-power limits on fiber amplifiers imposed by self-focusing," Opt. Lett. 31, 3423-3425 (2006).

C. D. Brooks, F. D. Teodoro, "Multi-megawatt peak-power, single-transverse-mode operation of a 100 $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ core diameter, Yb-doped rod-like photonic crystal fiber amplifier," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 111119-111121 (2006).

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, "Light propagation with ultra large modal areas in optical fibers," Opt. Lett.s 31, 1797-1799 (2006).

G. Imeshev, M. E. Fermann, K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, D. Bliss, D. Weybourne, "High-power source of THz radiation based on orientation-patterned GaAs pumped by a fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 14, 4439-4439 (2006).

P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).

2005

J. Limpert, N. Deguil-Robin, I. Manek-Hönninger, F. Salin, F. Röser, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, C. Jakobsen, "High-power rod-type photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 13, 1055-1058 (2005).

J. M. Fini, "Design of solid and microstructure fibers for suppression of higher order modes," Opt. Exp. 13, 3477-3490 (2005).

2002

T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. M. d. Sterke, L. C. Botten, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers. I. Formulation," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 19, 2322-2330 (2002).

2000

G. Fibich, A. L. Gaeta, "Critical power for self-focusing in bulk media and in hollow waveguides," Opt. Lett 25, 335-337 (2000).

D. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, "Single-mode operation of a coiled multimode fiber amplifier," Opt. Lett 25, 442-444 (2000).

J. P. Koplow, D. A. V. Kliner, L. Goldberg, "Single-mode operation of a coiled multimode fiber amplifier," Opt. Lett 25, 442-444 (2000).

1998

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. D. Brooks, F. D. Teodoro, "Multi-megawatt peak-power, single-transverse-mode operation of a 100 $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ core diameter, Yb-doped rod-like photonic crystal fiber amplifier," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 111119-111121 (2006).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

L. Dong, T. Wu, H. A. McKay, L. Fu, J. Li, H. Winful, "All glass large core leakage channel fibers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. .

J. Lightw. Technol.

L. Dong, "Approximate treatment of nonlinear waveguide equation in the regime of nonlinear self-focus," J. Lightw. Technol. .

P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B

T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. M. d. Sterke, L. C. Botten, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers. I. Formulation," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 19, 2322-2330 (2002).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B

L. Dong, X. Peng, J. Li, "Leakage channel optical fibers with large effective area," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 24, 1689-1697 (2007).

Opt. Exp.

J. Limpert, N. Deguil-Robin, I. Manek-Hönninger, F. Salin, F. Röser, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, C. Jakobsen, "High-power rod-type photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 13, 1055-1058 (2005).

J. M. Fini, "Design of solid and microstructure fibers for suppression of higher order modes," Opt. Exp. 13, 3477-3490 (2005).

Opt. Lett

G. Fibich, A. L. Gaeta, "Critical power for self-focusing in bulk media and in hollow waveguides," Opt. Lett 25, 335-337 (2000).

Opt. Lett.

I. Hartl, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, T. R. Schibli, D. C. Yost, D. D. Hudson, J. Ye, "'Cavity enhanced Yb-similariton fiber laser frequency comb: 3$\,\ast{10}^{14}~{\rm W/cm}^{2}$ peak intensity at 136 MHz'," Opt. Lett. 32, 2870-2870 (2007).

Opt. Exp.

G. Imeshev, M. E. Fermann, K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, D. Bliss, D. Weybourne, "High-power source of THz radiation based on orientation-patterned GaAs pumped by a fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 14, 4439-4439 (2006).

Y. Tsuchida, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Design of single-mode holey fibers with large-mode-area and low bending losses: The significance of the ring-core region," Opt. Exp. 15, 1794-1803 (2007).

Opt. Lett

D. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, "Single-mode operation of a coiled multimode fiber amplifier," Opt. Lett 25, 442-444 (2000).

J. P. Koplow, D. A. V. Kliner, L. Goldberg, "Single-mode operation of a coiled multimode fiber amplifier," Opt. Lett 25, 442-444 (2000).

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Lett.s

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, "Light propagation with ultra large modal areas in optical fibers," Opt. Lett.s 31, 1797-1799 (2006).

Other

C. -. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, K. Tankala, Advanced Solid-State Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2007).

A. Ghatak, K. Thyagarajan, Introduction to Fiber Optics (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1998).

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