Abstract

We perform a detailed theoretical and experimental study on the impact of the finesse (<i>F</i>) of a multiple wavelength channel optical filter on output microwave filter transfer function in a spectrum slicing-based photonic microwave finite-impulse response (FIR) filter. For this paper, we use the combination of a digital micromirror device-based spatial light modulator and a continuous-wave, depolarized supercontinuum, since it allows us to perform flexible reconfiguration of output filter transfer function. It is found that the superimposed broadband, low-pass RF transfer function induced by the wide linewidth single-wavelength channel effectively suppresses higher order, periodic resonance peaks as the <i>F</i> is reduced. The optical filters with <i>F</i> = 2 are found to provide the most effective suppression of higher order peaks, whatever the single channel waveform is: sinusoidal or Gaussian.

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  1. R. A. Minasian, "Photonic signal processing of microwave signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 832-846 (2006).
  2. D. Norton, S. Johns, C. Keefer, R. Soref, "Tunable microwave filtering using high dispersion fiber time delays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 831-832 (1994).
  3. A. P. Foord, P. A. Davies, P. A. Greehalgh, "Synthesis of microwave and millimetre-wave filters using optical spectrum slicing," Electron. Lett. 32, 390-391 (1996).
  4. B. Vidal, M. A. Piqueras, J. Marti, "Photonic microwave filter based on spectrum slicing with reconfiguration capability," Electron. Lett. 41, 1286-1287 (2005).
  5. B. A. L. Gwandu, W. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, "Microwave photonic filtering using Gaussian-profiled superstructured fibre Bragg grating and dispersive fibre," Electron. Lett. 38, 1328-1330 (2003).
  6. B. Vidal, M. A. Piqueras, J. L. Corral, J. Marti, "Tunable photonic microwave filter based on two parallel Fabry-Perot filters," Proc. Int. Topical Meeting Microw. Photon. (MWP2005) (2005) pp. 205-208.
  7. D. Pastor, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, S. Sales, A. Martinez, P. Munoz, "Optical microwave filter based on spectral slicing by use of arrayed waveguide grating," Opt. Lett. 28, 1802-1804 (2003).
  8. J. Capmany, B. Ortega, D. Pastor, "A tutorial on microwave photonic filters," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 201-229 (2006).
  9. J. Mora, B. Ortega, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andres, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, "Photonic microwave tunable single-bandpass filter based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometer," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2500-2509 (2006).
  10. J. J. Russell, M. A. Davis, J. Sirkis, A. D. Kersey, H. Lara, "Adaptive-filter based Bragg grating demodulator," 16th Int. Conf. Opt. Fiber Sens. NaraJapan (2003) Th1-6.
  11. N. Riza, M. J. Mughal, "Broadband optical equalizer using fault tolerant digital micromirrors," Opt. Exp. 11, 1559-1565 (2003).
  12. N. A. Riza, M. A. Arain, "Programmable broadband radio-frequency transversal filter with compact fiber-optics and digital microelectromechanical system-based optical spectral control," Appl. Opt. 43, 3159-3165 (2004).
  13. J. H. Lee, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, "Experimental study on seed light source coherence dependence of continuous-wave supercontinuum performance," Opt. Exp. 14, 3443-3452 (2006).
  14. J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, H. Chung, "Fully reconfigurable photonic microwave transversal filter based on digital micromirror device and continuous-wave, incoherent supercontinuum source," Appl. Opt. 46, 5158-5167 (2007).
  15. S. O. Kasap, Optoelectronics and Photonics: Principles and Practices (Prentice-Hall, 2001) pp. 30.
  16. J. Mora, J. Capmany, L. Chen, "Tunable and reconfigurable single bandpass photonic microwave filter using a high-birefringence Sagnac loop and DWDM channel selector," 20th Annu. Meeting IEEE Lasers Electro-Optics Soc., (LEOS 2007) (2007) paper TuE5.
  17. D. Pastor, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, S. Sales, A. Martinez, P. Munoz, "Optical microwave filter based on spectral slicing by use of arrayed waveguide grating," Opt. Lett. 28, 1802-1804 (2003).
  18. D. Pastor, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, P.-Y. Fonjallaz, M. Popov, "Tunable microwave photonic filter for noise and interference suppression in UMTS base station," Electron. Lett. 40, 997-998 (2004).
  19. J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y.-G. Han, H. Chung, S. B. Lee, "Flexibly tunable microwave photonic FIR filter incorporating wavelength spacing programmable, arrayed micro-mirror based optical filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 812-813 (2006).

2007 (1)

2006 (5)

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y.-G. Han, H. Chung, S. B. Lee, "Flexibly tunable microwave photonic FIR filter incorporating wavelength spacing programmable, arrayed micro-mirror based optical filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 812-813 (2006).

R. A. Minasian, "Photonic signal processing of microwave signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 832-846 (2006).

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, D. Pastor, "A tutorial on microwave photonic filters," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 201-229 (2006).

J. Mora, B. Ortega, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andres, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, "Photonic microwave tunable single-bandpass filter based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometer," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2500-2509 (2006).

J. H. Lee, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, "Experimental study on seed light source coherence dependence of continuous-wave supercontinuum performance," Opt. Exp. 14, 3443-3452 (2006).

2005 (1)

B. Vidal, M. A. Piqueras, J. Marti, "Photonic microwave filter based on spectrum slicing with reconfiguration capability," Electron. Lett. 41, 1286-1287 (2005).

2004 (2)

D. Pastor, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, P.-Y. Fonjallaz, M. Popov, "Tunable microwave photonic filter for noise and interference suppression in UMTS base station," Electron. Lett. 40, 997-998 (2004).

N. A. Riza, M. A. Arain, "Programmable broadband radio-frequency transversal filter with compact fiber-optics and digital microelectromechanical system-based optical spectral control," Appl. Opt. 43, 3159-3165 (2004).

2003 (4)

D. Pastor, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, S. Sales, A. Martinez, P. Munoz, "Optical microwave filter based on spectral slicing by use of arrayed waveguide grating," Opt. Lett. 28, 1802-1804 (2003).

N. Riza, M. J. Mughal, "Broadband optical equalizer using fault tolerant digital micromirrors," Opt. Exp. 11, 1559-1565 (2003).

B. A. L. Gwandu, W. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, "Microwave photonic filtering using Gaussian-profiled superstructured fibre Bragg grating and dispersive fibre," Electron. Lett. 38, 1328-1330 (2003).

D. Pastor, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, S. Sales, A. Martinez, P. Munoz, "Optical microwave filter based on spectral slicing by use of arrayed waveguide grating," Opt. Lett. 28, 1802-1804 (2003).

1996 (1)

A. P. Foord, P. A. Davies, P. A. Greehalgh, "Synthesis of microwave and millimetre-wave filters using optical spectrum slicing," Electron. Lett. 32, 390-391 (1996).

1994 (1)

D. Norton, S. Johns, C. Keefer, R. Soref, "Tunable microwave filtering using high dispersion fiber time delays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 831-832 (1994).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (2)

D. Pastor, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, P.-Y. Fonjallaz, M. Popov, "Tunable microwave photonic filter for noise and interference suppression in UMTS base station," Electron. Lett. 40, 997-998 (2004).

A. P. Foord, P. A. Davies, P. A. Greehalgh, "Synthesis of microwave and millimetre-wave filters using optical spectrum slicing," Electron. Lett. 32, 390-391 (1996).

Electron. Lett. (3)

B. Vidal, M. A. Piqueras, J. Marti, "Photonic microwave filter based on spectrum slicing with reconfiguration capability," Electron. Lett. 41, 1286-1287 (2005).

B. A. L. Gwandu, W. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, "Microwave photonic filtering using Gaussian-profiled superstructured fibre Bragg grating and dispersive fibre," Electron. Lett. 38, 1328-1330 (2003).

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y.-G. Han, H. Chung, S. B. Lee, "Flexibly tunable microwave photonic FIR filter incorporating wavelength spacing programmable, arrayed micro-mirror based optical filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 812-813 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

R. A. Minasian, "Photonic signal processing of microwave signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 832-846 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. Norton, S. Johns, C. Keefer, R. Soref, "Tunable microwave filtering using high dispersion fiber time delays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 831-832 (1994).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

J. Mora, B. Ortega, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andres, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, "Photonic microwave tunable single-bandpass filter based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometer," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2500-2509 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, D. Pastor, "A tutorial on microwave photonic filters," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 201-229 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (1)

J. H. Lee, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, "Experimental study on seed light source coherence dependence of continuous-wave supercontinuum performance," Opt. Exp. 14, 3443-3452 (2006).

Opt. Lett. (1)

D. Pastor, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, S. Sales, A. Martinez, P. Munoz, "Optical microwave filter based on spectral slicing by use of arrayed waveguide grating," Opt. Lett. 28, 1802-1804 (2003).

Opt. Exp. (1)

N. Riza, M. J. Mughal, "Broadband optical equalizer using fault tolerant digital micromirrors," Opt. Exp. 11, 1559-1565 (2003).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (4)

S. O. Kasap, Optoelectronics and Photonics: Principles and Practices (Prentice-Hall, 2001) pp. 30.

J. Mora, J. Capmany, L. Chen, "Tunable and reconfigurable single bandpass photonic microwave filter using a high-birefringence Sagnac loop and DWDM channel selector," 20th Annu. Meeting IEEE Lasers Electro-Optics Soc., (LEOS 2007) (2007) paper TuE5.

J. J. Russell, M. A. Davis, J. Sirkis, A. D. Kersey, H. Lara, "Adaptive-filter based Bragg grating demodulator," 16th Int. Conf. Opt. Fiber Sens. NaraJapan (2003) Th1-6.

B. Vidal, M. A. Piqueras, J. L. Corral, J. Marti, "Tunable photonic microwave filter based on two parallel Fabry-Perot filters," Proc. Int. Topical Meeting Microw. Photon. (MWP2005) (2005) pp. 205-208.

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